From an article originally published in Tournaments Illuminated #118, Spring 1996.
Last updated September 1, 2003.

Etcetera - The Kingdom of An Tir
The Principalities of the Summits,
Avacal, and Tir Righ

by Mistress Jessa d'Avondale

In A.S. 8, An Tir was created as a principality of the West Kingdom. It became the ninth kingdom of the Society for Creative Anachronism in A.S. 16.

The arms of the kingdom are Checky Or and argent, a lion rampant tail forked and nowed sable, crowned gules, grasping in dexter forepaw a laurel wreath bendwise vert.

Many awards' names and badges incorporate elements of the kingdom's arms. The symbol of An Tir is the black lion.

Membership in the Order of the Rose is offered by the reigning Consort to those who have completed serving a term as consort to the sovereign. Members of this order are charged with encouraging chivalric and courteous behavior among all members of the Society.

Membership in An Tir's Order of the Lords and Ladies of Valorous Estate is given by the reigning principality Consort to those who have completed serving a term as a principality consort. Members of this order are charged with encouraging chivalric and courteous behavior among all members of the Society.

Patents of Arms

Former kings and queens, princes, and princesses are awarded Patents of Arms when they step down from the thrones, if they do not already have one.

Grants of Arms

The titles of Court Baron and Baroness, the third highest token of personal favor the Crown can bestow for service to the kingdom, convey an Grant of Arms. The following awards also convey a Grant of Arms:

Order of the Goutte de Sang: given for substantial service to the kingdom. The token takes many forms, generally a medallion with a red drop on a checky gold and silver field. The order's badge is: Checky Or and argent, a goutte de sang.

Order of the Jambe de Lion: given for skill in the arts and sciences and willingness to share their skill with others. The token is a pewter medallion of the order's badge: Checky Or and argent, a lion's jambe bendwise inverted erased sable.

Order of the Grey Goose Shaft: given for excellence in archery. The order's badge is: Checky Or and argent, a goose within four arrows lying as on a mascle sable. The token for the Order is a white leather archer's bracer. Members of the Order have the right to take "arcarii" or students.

Order of the White Scarf: given for skill in rapier combat. The token is a white scarf. Members of this Order also have the right to take students who are entitled "cadets".

Ordo Hastae Leonis (Order of the Spear of the Lion): given for excellence and chivalry in the pursuit and practice of the art of war.

The Lion et du Lance: given for excellence and chivalry in the pursuit and practice of the equestrian arts.

Award of Arms

Awards of Arms may be given at the Royalty's discretion. Territorial Barons and Baronesses receive Awards of Arms when they are invested, if they are not already armigerous.

Non-armigerous awards

With the exception of the Honor of the Lion of An Tir, these awards have no bearing on an individual's standing in the Order of Precedence.

Order of the Honor of the Lion of An Tir: given, with the recommendation of the previous recipients, to honor those who emulate the ideals and embody the essence of An Tir and the Laurel Kingdoms. It may be bestowed only once per reign. Recipients may place the title "Lion of An Tir" after their names, and are so styled. They are entitled to include: A lion, tail forked and nowed Sable, as a supporter in their arms, and may add to their personal banner: A stripe on dexter checky Or and Argent, to signify their estate.

An Augmentation of Arms is considered the highest honor a person can receive for sustained service to Crown and Kingdom.

Order of the Rose: given to those who have served a complete term as consort of An Tir. The members of the order are charged with encouraging chivalrous and courteous behavior among all members of the Society.

Order of the Lords and Ladies of Valourous Estate: consists of those who have served a complete term as consort of a territorial prince or princess. The order is charged with encouraging chivalrous and courteous behaviour among all members of the Society.

Order of the Silver Rose: given by the Royal Consort to the person who finishes second in the Crown Tournament. The token is a pewter medallion of a heraldic rose, and the order's badge is: A rose argent, barbed and seeded, slipped and leaved, proper.

Order of the Silver Lily: given by the Royal Consort to the consort of the fighter who finishes second in the Crown Tournament. The token is a pewter medallion in the shape of a lily, and the order's badge is: (Fieldless) Three lilies conjoined at the stems in pall inverted argent.

Honor of the Lion's Sword: given by the King upon an individual's completion of a term as Champion of An Tir, either by holding the position until the next Champion's Tournament or by ascending the throne during their tenure as champion.

Honor of the Lion's Rapier: given by the Royal Consort upon an individual's completion of a term as the Champion of Rapier Combat.

Honor of the Lion's Arrow: given by the Crown upon an individual's completion of a term as Kingdom Protector.

Honor of the Lion's Heart: given by the Crown upon an individual's completion of a term as the Kingdom Arts and Sciences Champion

The Troubadour of the Lion given by the Crown upon an individual's completion of a term as Kingdom Bardic Champion.

The Ordre du Cheval et du Lion given by the Crown upon an individual's completion of a term as Kingdom Equestrian Champion.

Order of the Iron Chain: given upon recommendation of the previous recipients for deeds of true courage and bravery in the face of personal and real danger. The token of the order is a black iron chain.

Honor of the Lion's Cub: given to children in the realm who have shown noble merit.

Honour of the Belated Rose: given on the recommendation of the Orders of the Rose and of the Lords and Ladies of Valorous Estate, for courteous and courtly behavior. The badge is: On a heart checky Or and Argent, a rose slipped and leaved Sable.

Order of the Carp: given by the Royal Consort for excellence in period dress, thought, speech, behavior, and encampment.

La Mano d'Oro: given on the advice of the Minister of Arts and Sciences, for significant time and service to the furtherance of the arts and sciences in the Kingdom. Only one per reign is customarily given. Its token is a medallion of a gold hand, palm forward, on a purple field. The badge is: Purpure, within a double tressure Or, a dexter hand couped apaumy Or.

Sable Chime: given for performance of period bardic arts throughout the Kingdom.

The Sable Scrivener is given by the Crown for excellent service to An Tir by a member of the scribal community. Muckin' Tall Maul: given upon recommendation of the previous recipient for ferocity on the field during the Crown Tournament lists.

Old Shattered Shield: presented for valor and authentic death in the crown lists. The recipient must place his/her mark on the shield, and present it to the most deserving combatant at the next crown tournament.

The Maul and Shield are considered "comic" awards, more burden than honor.

Lion's Torse: given by the Sovereign for armor worn on the field that is period, functional, and esthetically pleasing.

Fury of the Lion: given for ferocity and chivalry on the field of battle.

The Throne's Favor given to a subject or group for a significant contribution to the Kingdom through conspicuous service. Recipients have the right to display a checky Or and argent pennon, with ribbons in colors associated with the awarding royalty.

Forget-me-not: given by the Queen as a token of personal favor. Its token is the initial of the Queen dependent from a pewter forget-me-not blossom.

King's Favor: given by the King as a token of personal favor.

The Lion's Strength: given for consistent and significant contributions to the Kingdom for 20 years or more.

The Leo Minor: given to the teens of An Tir for continued service to the Kingdom.

The Rath of An Tir: is given for period encampments that are pleasing to the Crown.

Ordre la main de Sainte Nicholas: given to those who have gone above and beyond the obligations of fealty and rank to contribute to the word fame of the Kingdom through donations of time, goods, and service in the creation of largesse, clothing for the Crown, and Kingdom regalia. It is customarily given no more than twice per reign.

The Bountiful Hand: given to the individuals and groups who contribute to the word fame of the Kingdom through donations of time, treasure, and service in the creation of largesse, clothing for the Crown, Kingdom scrolls, Kingdom regalia, and anything else created on behalf of the Crown or Kingdom.

The rank of Sergeant of Arms was established in A.S. 12 to provide a way for unbelted fighters to demonstrate their proficiency in the martial arts and in the gentler disciplines of medieval culture. The rank, which is not armigerous, is bestowed and administered by the territorial Barons and Baronesses of the kingdom. During the tourney the candidates are tested in heraldry, calligraphy, the arts and sciences, chess, other medieval games, and more. Their chivalry and courtesy are judged, and they compete in a tournament where the sergeants and knights judge their skill. Successful candidates swear an oath of fealty to their baroness, are addressed as Sergeant, and wear a belt with the baronial badge on the buckle. If a sergeant is elevated to the Chivalry, the rank of Sergeant is resigned. If the Baron/Baroness step down, the sergeants of that barony may choose to resign or to renew their vows to the new Baron/Baroness. In the same manner, archers may earn the rank of Yeoman, rapier fighters may earn the rank of Gallant, and those skilled in the arts or in service may earn the rank of Courtier.

Earlier Awards no longer listed in Kingdom Law

Golden Unicorn/Silver Unicorn: marks of personal favor given by the late Dowager Princess, Her Serene Highness Janeltis Karaine Starfollower. This lady so won the affection of the populace during her reign as Princess of the Principality of An Tir, they petitioned that she be given a special title when she stepped down. She was counted among the royalty of An Tir.

The Pernicious Lily: occasionally given at a Crown Tournament to fighters who provide dramatic or impressive deaths on the field.

Whimsical Order of the Ailing Wit: given to those who pun above and beyond the call of taste and sanity. Recipients are required to warn others by identifying themselves with a label of some sort with the initials of the order.

Champions

There are six Champions of An Tir. Their duties are to support the Crown in war, to take the field at the Crown's command, and to defend the honor and prestige of the kingdom whenever it is challenged. They have the right to sit at high table, to stand armed near the Throne at all events, and to be at the side of the Crown in war. Each champion serves a term of one year.

The Champion of An Tir is selected at a tournament held the weekend of July Coronation. The Champion is the Bearer of the Great Sword of State, and serves as Regent if the Crown are unable to conclude their reign.

The Champion of Rapier Combat is selected at a tournament held the weekend of Twelfth Night Coronation.

The Kingdom Protector is selected at an archery tournament held on the weekend of September Crown Tournament.

The Arts & Sciences Champion and The Bardic Champion are selected at tournaments held the first weekend in March.

The Equestrian Champion is chosen at a tournament held during September Crown or close to that date.

Royal Commissions

The Crown may grant unto any artisan a royal commission carrying with it the right to include in their correspondence and on their signs and banners the phrases: "By Royal Appointment" and " to (or of) Kings (or Queens, or the Crown).". At the start of each new reign, any artisan holding a royal commission shall offer it up to the new Crown. It is the prerogative of each new Crown to determine whether or not the artisan shall continue to hold the royal commission.

Principalities of An Tir


The Summits
was first recognized as a region of An Tir in A.S. 19, and was created a Crown Principality in A.S. 28. In March of A.S. 30 the first Summits Coronet Tournament was held, and the group was elevated to full principality status.

The arms of the principality are Azure, a gryphon passant and on a mountain argent, a goblet azure within a laurel wreath vert.

Principality awards include:

Order of the Summits: given to recognize extraordinary contribution to the principality and populace. It can be given no more than once per Coronet reign, but need not be given every reign. Companions in this Order must be consulted by the Coronet for advice before an invitation is offered to a new Companion.



Award of the Grail: given for notable contributions in the Arts and Sciences, Service, or Martial endeavor. Recipients may wear an argent grail pendant with colored field (vert for Arts and Sciences, gules for Service, sable for Martial) on a beaded necklace. Individuals may be recognized with this award once in each area.

Order of the Wounded Gryphon: given for exceptional conduct and prowess upon the field of battle. Members may wear a gryphon sejant pierced in the breast by an arrow bendwise sinister argent, fletched azure.

Throne Favor of Summits: given to those within and without the Principality who make noteworthy general contributions to the Principality and its populace. The token for this award is determined by each Coronet.

Gryphon's Favor: given to those outside the Summits who make great contributions in support of the principality. Recipients may wear an argent grail pendant with an azure field on a beaded necklace.


Gryphon's Paw: given as a token of appreciation and honor by the Sovereign to select gentles deemed worthy. The token shall include a paw print, customized as the Sovereign desires.

Evergreen: given as a token of appreciation and honor by the Consort to gentles deemed worthy. Recipients may wear an argent spray of barberry on a beaded necklace.


Order of the Far Voyager: given by the Coronet to recognize those members of the principality who travel great distances and represent the Summits to the Knowne Worlde in an honorable fashion. The proposed token is: fieldless, three lines per fess wavy azure, a star in chief, a mount issuant from base argent.

Shield of Chivalry: given by the Princess to that fighter whom she judges to have been most chivalrous during the Coronet Lists. It is passed on at each Coronet Lists.

Order of the Griffin's Sword: consists of those fighters who have placed second in the Coronet lists. Members may wear an argent sword bent into a ring.

Morgan's Rose: given to the consorts of those fighters who have placed second in the Coronet List. Recipients may wear an argent rose wrapped around a spear.

Order of the Aerie (closed): consists of all those who held the position of Defender or Lady of the Summits prior to the recognition of Summits as a Principality. Members may wear a black garter with a grail tippet.


Avacal was created a Crown Principality in A.S. 26. It became a full principality in August of 31.

The arms of the principality are Quarterly argent and Or, a griffin rampant, on a point pointed gules a laurel wreath Or.

Principality awards include:

Golden Oak: given for being a shining example of chivalry and courtesy on a consistent basis.

Gilded Griffin: given for service

Griffin's Flame: given for achievement in the arts and sciences

Griffin's Heart: given for excellence in period dress, thought, speech, behavior, and encampment.

Griffin's Claw: given for representing Avacal outside of the principality, in an extraordinary way, in the recipient's chosen field.

Dread Red Bear of Avacal: given for succeeding in combat against overwhelming odds.

Princess' Knot: given for service to the Princess

Prince's Favor: given for service to the Prince

Order of the Griffin's Sword: those fighters who have placed second in the Coronet Tournament.

Iron Maul: given to the fighter who finishes second in the Champions of Sword Tournament.

Iron Arrow: given to the archer who finishes second in the Champion of Arrows Tournament.

Elders of Avacal: those who have served as Champions of Avacal. The four Champions of Avacal are: Champion of Sword (heavy or rattan combat), Champion of Arrows (light or missile combat), Champion of Arts & Sciences, and Avacal Bravo (rapier).

Griffin's Egg: (closed) given for outstanding service by a child.


Tir Righ began its existance as the Northern Region of An Tir. In March of A.S. 34 it was created the Crown Principality of the North, and in June of A.S. 38 the first Tir Righ Coronet Tournament was held, and the group was elevated to full principality status.

The arms of the principality are Azure, on a saltire between four mullets of eight points argent a laurel wreath azure.
Principality champions are:

Scourge of the North: Heavy Weapons Champion

Skewer of the North: Rapier Champion

Scorer of the North: Archery Champion

Scholar of the North: Arts & Sciences Champion

Skald of the North: Bardic Champion


Index of SCA Kingdom Awards articles Kingdom of An Tir website

This column was compiled from An Tir Kingdom law, Summits Principality Law, and the SCA Armorial. Assistance was provided by Mistress Elizabeth Braidwood, Alban St. Albans and Kwellend-Njal Kollskeggson.

Mistress Jessa d'Avondale (Marla Lecin) resides in the East Kingdom. She invites anyone with updates or corrections to this article to contact her.